X-rays can be used to evaluate almost any organ in the body, including the heart, lungs, abdominal organs, and all bones. The size of organs is important because some medical conditions such as kidney, heart, or liver disease can alter the size of these organs. The shape and position of organs can be altered or distorted by certain medical conditions, including intestinal blockage or cancer. Tumors, depending on their size and location, can also sometimes be detected using radiography.
X-rays can also be used to diagnose bladder stones, hip dysplasia, broken bones, chronic arthritis, spinal cord diseases, dental disease, and a variety of other conditions. Radiography is painless, safe, and completely non-invasive, and uses only low doses of radiation.